City, countryside, electric mobility – a holistic challenge. Electric mobility is currently in the market preparation phase. Blanket use of electric mobility exists neither in congested urban areas nor in rural countryside areas. But despite this, it is important to establish the conditions for future use in cities and in the countryside right now.
Great potential for electric mobility exists especially in densely populated, congested urban areas. Forecasts for the future, which predict that by 2050, around 70 percent of the world’s population will be living in cities and that there will be a growth in mobility needs, confirm the great potential for electric mobility use. Typically, the infrastructure in urban areas is well developed already today. There is blanket coverage for public transport, so that the interlinking and intelligent use of all means of transport would be easy to implement. That is why the topic of intermodality in connection with electric-powered means of transport is becoming increasingly important, especially in cities.
In the ramp-up to market phase it is primarily purely battery-electric vehicles (BEV) which will find their way onto the streets in urban areas. One of the reasons for this is that trips there are often shorter and the infrastructure is better developed. In Stuttgart the public charging infrastructure offers blanket coverage already today. Not only that, but in the state capital BEVs can be parked in public car parks free of charge.
The potential for relief offered by electric mobility is enormous. Often the volume of traffic and level of emissions is especially high in cities. Through the implementation of intermodal transportation systems and the use of electric mobility, not only would there be a reduction in emissions and noise, but the volume of traffic would also decrease. This would raise quality of life in cities of the future, and create more space for pedestrians and cyclists. Electric mobility is an elementary component of sustainable urban development.
But in addition to emission-free driving in local areas, vehicles such as those with plug-in hybrid technology also achieve reduced energy consumption on longer trips. This makes them an important alternative also for use in rural areas. But rural areas offer many opportunities for sustainable and climate-friendly mobility concepts too. In Baden-Wuerttemberg in particular, where 70 percent of the land area is rural in nature, in the long term this potential must be exploited.
People living in rural areas are often even more dependent on their car and their individual mobility. Frequently the replacement for public transport is the carpool. In this area the implementation of modern transport concepts and the integration of electric mobility contribute to local environmental protection. One of the main advantages of rural areas is the good conditions available there for the generation of regenerative energies. This is because the regenerative forms of energy which are more prevalent there can be used for mobility.
In the context of the state electric mobility initiative the ministry of rural areas and consumer protection in Baden-Wuerttemberg announced an ideas competition for electric mobility in rural areas. e-mobil BW took part in choosing the total of 20 project plans. Many of the projects supplement existing services with electric citizens’ buses and inter-municipal carpools, and this way contribute to a strengthening of the structure of the rural area.
Continuous development of electric mobility in Baden-Wuerttemberg is the goal of e-mobil BW. This is to create an area-wide, networked and intelligent mobility system by 2020, in which electric mobility in the cities and in the countryside will be a core element.