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Greater distances can be covered with hybrid propulsion concepts.
It is not just electrification of the drivetrain that is getting the au-
tomobile, ICT and energy sectors moving. Today there are already
indications that less significance could be ascribed to private ow-
nership of vehicles in the long-term. The indication is the decrease
in vehicle ownership among younger users in recent years, with a
simultaneous significant increase in the use vehicle sharing sche-
mes, as Fig. 27 shows.
The industry has recognized this trend: With its well-known car sha-
ring scheme, car2go (www.car2go.com), Daimler has taken the step
from being a manufacturer to becoming a mobility service provider.
BMW too, in cooperation with the auto rental agency, Sixt, now of-
fers a similar concept under the title Drive-Now (www.drive-now.
com). Other established car sharing providers are integrating the
first electric vehicles in their vehicle fleets, as Fig. 28 shows. This
development offers opportunities for new ownership models and
business models in the area of individual, but shared, mobility. For
integration of alternative propulsion concepts with the necessary
charging infrastructure in these types of sharing concepts, a close
cooperation between the automobile, ICT, and energy industries is
required.
If this development, which is still in the very beginning stages, con-
tinues, major effects on the requirements imposed on new vehicle
concepts will occur, and the value-creation chain of the vehicles
will also change. New potential arises in the area of mobility ser-
vices and owner models for shared use of mobility resources, that
also extends to the infrastructure in the case of electric vehicles. In
this regard, the position of the mobility service provider may be oc-
cupied by vehicle manufacturers, energy suppliers, auto renters or
new „mobility integrators“. In each case, electrification of the dri-
vetrain, in conjunction with its intelligent integration in the grid and
the occurrence of new mobility concepts, results in a convergence
of the automobile industry, the ICT industry and the energy industry;
the close cooperation of these industries is requisite for shaping the
mobility of tomorrow.
Provider
Stadtmobil
cambio
DB Carsharing Zipcar
Car2go
Yélomobile
Locations
Germany
Germany, Belgium Germany
USA, Canada, England
Germany, USA,
The Netherlands
France
Users
>25,000
>38,000
>65,000
>500,000
>34,000
>450
Vehicles
>1,000
>1,200
>2,000
>8,000
>800
>50
31 Author’s own figure I Comment: The number of vehicles shown represents the totality of the respective fleet. Electric vehicles, which currently make up
only small part of the total fleet, have not been itemized further.
Fig. 28: Selection of carsharing providers with electric vehicles in their fleets
31