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In terms of the manufacturing of battery cells, it must be stated
that currently the state of Baden-Württemberg does not yet have
a large-scale cell manufacturing facility in the traction battery
sector. However, according to a Roland Berger study, in the year
2015 excess capacities in the production of lithium-ion batteries
will predominate. Manufacturing of these components will then be
taken over by a few large companies and a consolidation of the
market will occur [Roland Berger (2011a)].
In spite of these estimates, a projection beyond the years 2030 and
2040 makes it clear that the essential value creation of the future
automobile industry lies in the traction battery. For companies in
Baden-Württemberg, the question arises as to the areas where
increased value creation and job potential can be tapped. Stron-
ger alignment in the area of cell manufacturing or a concentration
on cooling, packaging and system concepts, and thus on manu-
facturing and integration of complete systems, represent possible
alternatives.
3.4 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AS A KEY COMPETITIVE FACTOR
In order to gain essential shares of the value creation market in
the state of Baden-Württemberg, a company headquartered here
must succeed not only in the area of research & development,
but also in securing a top position in the global competition in the
significant manufacturing sector of electrified drivetrain compo-
nents. In this regard, achievement of an extensive depth of value
creation is an essential primary prerequisite for the creation of
jobs. In addition, through planning and installation of production
plants by companies headquartered in the state and the optimi-
zations required in the course of operative use, significant value
creation can also be generated.
In this respect, experts from research and industry are for the
most part unified in their view that production of „new“ compo-
nents, such as the traction battery (battery cells, as well as bat-
tery system), the electric machine and the power electronics,
as well as the fuel cell, should be established in Germany or in
Baden-Württemberg.
50
Here the important thing, in addition to the
pure economic consideration is also to be aware of the aspect of
»Overall the small automobile suppliers at the second and sub-
sequent stages of the supply chain are still inadequately inclu-
ded. There is a lack of information and, above all, a lack of awa-
reness of the alternative propulsion technologies. A better flow
of information between the small suppliers and the OEMs must
come about, which does not yet exist in the necessary form.«
Manfred Müller, Department Manager - Industry and Transport, IHK
Region Stuttgart
»Wage-intensive production is always difficult in Germany.
However, this is precisely the challenge for production re-
search, namely, through innovative approaches, to produce
the essential elements of the value creation chain competi-
tively in a high-wage location.«
Dr.-Ing. Gisela Lanza, Management Board, WBK Institute of
Production Science, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
50 Kampker (2011) I Expert interview with Dr. Dr.-Ing. Gisela Lanza I Expert interview with Jürgen Jost I
Expert interview with Dr. Andreas Gutsch
»Industrialization of the new components for the electromo-
bile drivetrain poses a central challenge, i.e. to make Baden-
Württemberg as strong as possible as a production location
for electromobility and to further strengthen its position as a
technology location.«
Dr. Jürgen Dispan, Project Director and scientific employee, IMU Institute
»There are risks that the value creation chain will not be ex-
tended in Baden-Württemberg or, if it is, then only too late, or
that investments will not be made as long as the direction of
the suppliers is unclear (quantities, task areas, etc.).«
Sebastian Wider, CEO, SW-Engineering Services,
SW-Engineering GmbH
Chapter 3