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3.5 TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION
Changed requirements profiles for employees go hand in hand
with electrification of the drivetrain. This affects both the research
and development area, as well as production, sales and after-
sales. Work Group 6 of the National Platform for Electromobility
has considered the qualification requirements induced by electro-
mobility in its work [NPE AG6 (2010)]. The work group determined
that a particularly great need exists to network all the participants
in academic and vocational training. Consequently the project
„Qualification Platform for Education and Continuing Education in
Electromobility“ (QEMO), coordinated by the University of Ulm and
in collaboration with the Weiterbildungszentrums Brennstoffzelle
e.V. (WBZU), has been initiated and funded with 1.1 million euros
by the BMBF [University of Ulm (2011)]. The objective of the project
is the establishment and maintenance of a networking platform
with the goal of networking training and learning content in the
area of electromobility in a manner that extends across industries.
In addition to networking the participants, the NPE views intensifi-
cation of the pre-competitive research at the universities as an im-
portant means for ensuring practice-oriented training of the next
generation of scientists and for contributing to the networking of
science and business [NPE (2011a)].
On the 28th and 29th of June, Work Group 6 presented its analysis
for discussion at the National Education Conference for Electro-
mobility in Ulm [Göschel (2011)]. In the discussions and presen-
tations [QEMO 2011] it became clear that with electromobility,
new competence requirements would be imposed on employees.
In general, a greater interdisciplinarity and understanding of the
overall system, as well as thinking beyond industry boundaries,
are sought after. Further, the required technical competences are
extended by knowledge in fields such as power electronics, elec-
trochemistry, battery technology, electric machines, high-voltage
systems, etc. If the attempt is made to promote all the new requi-
red competencies and skills, and to establish new courses of stu-
dy and industrial training, then conference participants are united
for the most part in the view that this will not lead to achievement
of the goal. The available job profiles are suitable for integrating
new training modules and the established courses of study are
suitable for satisfying the new qualification requirements by adap-
ting the study content and by networking and combining existing
subjects. This integration of the qualification demands induced
through electromobility into the existing lines of academic and vo-
cational training is also consistent with the accepted background
that, over the next decades, combustion engine hybrids and elec-
tric propulsion concepts and vehicle concepts will coexist.
Whereas fewer new offerings will then be created in academic
and vocational training, rather existing offerings will need to be
modified; however the situation is different in the area of continu-
ing education. Thus, some time will still be required for implemen-
tation of the new content in the industrial training and courses of
study, and the respective graduates will only be available to the
labor market 3 to 5 years later. This means that the industry can
only count on a sufficient number of academically educated and
trained personnel who meet the quality requirements, in the years
2017 to 2020. At least until then, continuing education offerings,
both as part-time and full-time programs, are urgently required.
This is particularly the case for handling high-voltage systems. Em-
ployees in production and after sales, as well as researchers and
developers in companies and research institutes, must be trained
in the safe handling of semi-electric and completely electric ve-
hicles, to avoid accidents. Due to the heterogeneity of the supplier
spectrum and the associated diversity of qualification offerings,
particularly relative to safety-critical qualification measures, a
standardization of qualification content and degrees is required.
»If the goal is to keep the value-creation chain closed it is
important that specialist topics are driven forward and that a
suitable training curve is generated. On one hand, there is a
need for academics who drive research and development and,
on the other hand, if the goal is to become the leading market
and leading provider for the technology, infrastructure and pro-
ducts, then we must also keep industrial training in the areas of
production, maintenance and repair in view.«
Dr. Stefan Senitz, Division Head - Technology, with responsibility for
the Technology organization of the Baden-Württemberg Chamber of
Commerce and Industry, Karlsruhe Chamber of Commerce and Industry