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Chapter 4
BADEN-WÜRTTEMBERG ON ROUTE TO
ELECTROMOBILITY
4.1 STAKEHOLDERS AND COMPETENCIES IN THE AREA OF
ELECTROMOBILITY
In Baden-Württemberg the topic of „electromobility“ is being
discussed and actively driven on a broad level: Automobile ma-
nufacturers, suppliers to the automobile industry, energy utilities
and many other enterprises from different industries are involved
in research in this area, in numerous projects extending from
the fundamentals to applications. In addition to its status as the
automobile state and technology location, Baden-Württemberg
is also very well positioned in research and development (R&D).
For example, in addition to the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology,
important stakeholders from the research area are the Center for
Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research (ZSW) in Ulm, the German
Aerospace Center (DLR), various Fraunhofer institutes, as well
as the Universities of Reutlingen and Esslingen, the University of
Stuttgart and the Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State Univer-
sity Stuttgart (DBHW).
Below the activities, participants, and the positioning of Baden-
Württemberg are analyzed with respect to the categories of total
vehicle, battery technology, electrified drivetrain and lightweight
construction. The topics of fuel cell and charging infrastructure
and thermal management in the vehicle are also discussed briefly.
The information and communications technology sector (ICT) is
not considered in this listing, for information on this sector see the
study „System Analysis BW
e
mobile: ICT and energy infrastructure for
innovative mobility solutions in Baden-Württemberg“ [Spath (2010)].
4.1.1 THE TOTAL VEHICLE
In the area of full electric and hybrid electric vehicles, the compa-
nies headquartered in Baden-Württemberg are actively working
on total vehicle concepts. Daimler AG’s activities extend over the
entire product portfolio. Hybrid fuel cell and full electric concepts
are being developed for passenger vehicles (Mercedes A-Class,
B-Class, and S-Class, Smart fortwo electric drive), as well as for
commercial vehicles (Vito E-CELL) and buses (Atego). Daimler AG,
among others, is also active in several fleet tests.
With the models, Panamera, Cayenne, and 918 Spyder, Porsche
AG has developed multiple hybrid vehicles. The 918 Spyder will
soon be on the market in limited quantities. The first pure electric
Porsche, the E-Boxster, is currently being tested in the model regi-
on Stuttgart with three research vehicles.
Audi AG is developing hybrid and battery-electric vehicles under
the e-tron label, and is expanding its Neckarsulm electromobility
competence center. For example, the models A6 and A8 hybrid and
the sports car R8 e-tron will be manufactured at the Neckarsulm
location in the future. Additional vehicles, such as the A1 and A2
e-tron should follow.
Small and medium-sized business also develop complete vehicles.
Examples are ID-Bike GmbH in Stuttgart with the development of
the ELMOTO E-bike, and the firm X-Tronic in Magstadt, that is cur-
rently working on a new edition of the Schwalbe (Swallow), the
so-called E-Schwalbe.
4.1.2 BATTERY TECHNOLOGY
Baden-Württemberg is in a good starting position, particularly
in the area of research and development. The research location,
Ulm, has developed itself into a center for battery research with
the Center for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research (ZSW), the
University of Ulm and the Helmholz Institute for Electrochemical
Energy Storage. The ZSW activities range from development of
new storage materials, through system technology and modeling,
»In particular, small and medium-sized businesses, as suppliers
to the automobile industry, must be further sensitized to the op-
portunities as well as the risks associated with the structural
change that goes hand in hand with the topic of electromobility,
in order to be equipped for the future.«
Dr. Stefan Senitz, Division Head - Technology, responsible for the
Technology organization of the Baden-Württemberg Chamber of Com-
merce and Industry, Karlsruhe Chamber of Commerce and Industry
»The state government needs a demonstrator that shows that au-
tomotive cells can also be manufactured in Baden-Württemberg.«
Dr. Andreas Gutsch, Project Director Competence E at the Karlsruhe
Institute for Technology (KIT)