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Fig. 1: The diversity of electromobile concepts compared to conventional propulsion systems
Fig. 2: The various electromobility vehicle concepts
Fig. 3: A selection of current and planned electromobility vehicle concepts
Fig. 4: Ragone Plot
Fig. 5: Comparison of gravimetric energy density of different sources
Fig. 6: Comparison of different energy storage devices
Fig. 7: Characteristics of lithium-ion battery types
Fig. 8: The value creation stages of battery production
Fig. 9: The wellness temperature of battery cells
Fig. 10: Torque and power curves compared
Fig. 11: Motor topologies
Fig. 12: Wheel hub drive: Historical look back and current concepts
Fig. 13: Possible topology - power electronics with HV battery and LV on-board electrical system
Fig. 14: Pulse inverter and its essential components
Fig. 15: Charge and discharge curves of a lithium-ion cell at fast charge
Fig. 16: Reduction in the achievable range of a battery-electric vehicle with increasing power requirement of the air conditioning system
Fig. 17: Cooling (left) and heating elements (right) for battery-electric vehicles and vehicles with range extenders
Fig. 18: Potential for reduction in consumption (cumulative costs over the cumulative CO
2
savings)
Fig. 19: Aspects for selection of a manufacturing location for components of the electric drivetrain
Fig. 20: Market ramp-up curve of the NPE
Fig. 21: Results of the metastudy „Market development - propulsion concepts“
Fig. 22: Distribution of life cycle costs of conventional and battery electric vehicles
Fig. 23: 5-year TCO for five different vehicles (purchased in 2020 and driven 14,500 km per year in Germany)
Fig. 24: Cost comparison - Renault Fluence Z.E. (battery-electric) and Renault Fluence Dynamique (Otto engine)
Fig. 25: ICT as the key to successful electromobility
Fig. 26: Advantages and disadvantages of different propulsion concepts
Fig. 27: Changes in vehicle ownership and car sharing use 2000-2010 in Germany
Fig. 28: Selection of carsharing providers with electric vehicles in their fleets
Fig. 29: Purchase incentives for electric cars in different countries - overview
Fig. 30: Worldwide funding efforts in the electromobility sector - overview
Fig. 31: Map showing the important automobile supplier companies in Baden-Württemberg
Fig. 32: Comparison of new registrations of electric and hybrid personal passenger vehicles
Fig. 33: Structure of the automobile industry in Baden-Württemberg
Fig. 34: The expected gradual cost reduction for battery packs
Fig. 35: Comparison of changes in manufacturing costs of battery-electric vehicles
Fig. 36: Change in global market volume: Present - 2020
LIST OF FIGURES