EXPERTISE IN ELECTRIC MOBILITY - page 23

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The need for mobility will continue to in-
crease throughout the coming years. This is
especially true on a global scale, but also for
Baden-Wuerttemberg.
Increasing mobility presents extreme chal-
lenges for cities and towns. While mobility is
an important aspect for the improvement of
life quality, it also has its adverse effects. Traf-
fic congestion impacts the environment and
the quality of life; as a consequence, the com-
petitiveness of a town or city suffers. Innova-
tive environmental technologies and mobility
concepts that cater to the need for mobility of
the individual have therefore become crucial.
The goal of area-wide and sustainable mobil-
ity will go through various phases, according
to the reports of ‘National Platform for Electric
Mobility’. The current phase of market prepa-
ration includes the realisation of individual
model and demonstration projects and some
pilot projects. Testing these new technologies
in specific locations is made possible above
all through the support of local governments.
Municipal decision-makers are initiating and
actively promoting these different projects and
are also participating in funding programmes
run by the federal government or the state of
Baden-Wuerttemberg. Several municipalities
are involved in the ‘Electric Mobility Pilot Re-
gions’ and the ‘Showcase Region for Electric
Mobility LivingLab BW
e
mobil’, where the ap-
plication of new technologies is at the top of
the agenda. They demonstrate to the region,
and to the nation, that they are actively and
responsibly taking part in creating the future.
Many of the municipalities are using renew-
able energies and integrating electric vehicles
into their fleets where possible.
The state capital of Stuttgart is setting a good
example: it has established a charging infra-
structure for electric vehicles, as a preparatory
project for ‘LivingLab BW
e
mobil’. The project
is funded by the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg
and realised by EnBW. About 160 charging
stations were built in public areas through-
out Stuttgart. Their use and acceptance is
now being studied within the showcase pro-
ject ‘Ladeinfrastruktur Stuttgart und Region’.
Solutions for ensuring long-term barrier-free
access to public charging stations include
providing access codes via text message. This
allows users of electric mobility to charge their
vehicles flexibly, and independent of their utili-
ty companies. The proper business models for
charging infrastructure in public or semi-pub-
lic areas are also being examined. For exam-
ple, the showcase project ‘charge@work’,
headed by Daimler AG, is studying charging
infrastructures at the workplace.
Public transport is an important factor in the
introduction of sustainable mobility. Here, in
close cooperation with municipal and region-
al transport companies, municipalities have
a number of innovative technologies availa-
ble for their new infrastructure. This not only
concerns the use of vehicles with alternative
drives; SSB in Stuttgart, for example, em-
ploys several plug-in hybrid buses within the
showcase project. Esslingen has used trolley
buses for some years now, and Fellbach and
Stuttgart launched buses utilising fuel cell
technology in October 2013. Furthermore,
public transport can be used to develop new
intelligent mobility solutions. In this connec-
tion, ‘intermodality’ plays an important role,
linking multiple modes of transport. The Stutt-
gart Region is examining intermodal mobility
management within the ‘LivingLab BW
e
mobil’
project, which combines different transport
systems. The Stuttgart Service Card integrates
ticket, booking and service in one platform and
allows the use of different (e-mobile) means of
transport within a network.
Creating the future – actively and responsibly
Municipal mobility solutions
Chapter 5
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