The technological transition to electric mobility is very multifaceted and complex. In the phase of market preparation currently in progress the first series production electric vehicles are coming onto the market, and the formation of the infrastructure is beginning. Electric mobility activities are often concentrated on urban and densely populated areas.
The area-wide development of a holistic supply of electric mobility services in Baden-Wuerttemberg will take place in the long term, though. But the technological transition is a process which is influenced by numerous stakeholders and factors. Because of its optimal positioning, the State of Baden-Wuerttemberg can become a pioneer region in the production and implementation of sustainable mobility.
Electric mobility is a term used to define all vehicles which are electrically driven – from bicycle to car, to commercial vehicle, to bus. e-mobil BW takes an approach that is open to all kinds of technology, and includes various alternative drive concepts in its activities. Being considered alongside purely battery-electric vehicles are also hybrid and plug-in hybrid vehicles, as well as fuel cell vehicles that run on hydrogen. The different drive types have their advantages and disadvantages, depending on the demands for use or the situation. e-mobil BW has published a structure study called BWe mobil 2011, which offers an overview of the various technologies.
From an ecological, economic and social standpoint electric mobility offers a multitude of opportunities. Through the reduction of CO2 emissions and its potential as storage technology, electric mobility has a direct influence on the transition to alternative energies and helps protect the environment. In terms of the economy, the change in technology promises enormous potential for jobs, by linking different branches together and exploiting new fields of work. In order to exploit this potential Baden-Wuerttemberg must remain a relevant location for production, even as it moves into the future. At the same time, a technological change process is always accompanied by a change in society. Intermodality and car sharing, for example, lead to new mobility behaviour, this way altering the living environment.
With its holistic approach, electric mobility holds great potential for Baden-Wuerttemberg. It is the key technology on the road to climate and environmentally friendly mobility of the future.