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Measures and approaches for realizing this potential are to be
found in various industries. However, the complexity of the combus-
tion systems and the costs for the modules will also increase. The
influence of an efficiency technology on CO
reduction and on the
associated costs is shown in Fig. 18.
19 Author’s own illustration based on BCG (2011) I Comment: VVT/L = Variable control of the injection sequences and of the valve stroke I AGR = exhaust gas recirculation I BDI = gasoline direct injection I
*The estimated net base price 2020 includes a one-percent reduction inmanufacturing costs between 2010 and 2020 and amanufacturer’s mark-up between 50 and 100 percent. The estimate is based on
the North American D-segment vehicle . Consideration of vehicles from other segments will presumably show slight deviations.
Fig. 18: Potential for reduction of consumption (cumulative costs over the cumulative CO
Chapter 2