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Fig. 33: Structure of the automobile industry in Baden-Württemberg
38 According to official statistics the industry branch „Manufacturing of motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts“ (WZ-Nummer 29) is used for the survey. Companies with 20 or more
employees are included in this regard. The analysis is based on the NACE Classification Revision 2, which has been valid since 2008 Author’s own research, based on: Statistisches
Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (2011a) I IMU Institute (2011) I IHK (2011) I Jaeger (2009)
39 Own diagram i.a.w.: Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (2011a) I IMU Institut (2011) I IHK (2011) I Jäger (2009)
The automobile industry, together with its suppliers, has a key
function in Baden-Württemberg. In 2010 nearly 200,000 emplo-
yees subject to social insurance contributions, were active here
in more than 300 companies involved in vehicle manufacturing
and having an annual industry turnover of 70 billion euros [Statisti-
sches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (2011a)].
An analysis of the automotive sector in accordance with the clas-
sification system for the sectors of the economy in the European
Union (NACE rev. 2) however, results in an undervaluation of the
actual economic significance of the automobile industry [Kinkel
(2007)]. In addition to the companies that must be directly assigned
to vehicle manufacturing as „manufacturers of motor vehicles and
motor vehicle parts“ (WZ-Nummer 29), additional companies from
other sectors of the processing industry, such as the chemical in-
dustries manufacturing rubber and plastic goods, or the machine
tool industry, should also be considered. As important suppliers
(for all preliminary performance stages) or outfitters for vehicle
manufacturing, they have a significant share in the manufacturing
of the automobile.
An analysis from the Fraunhofer Institute of System and Innova-
tion Research ISI (Survey „Modernization of production 2009“)
revealed that approximately 13 percent of all employees in the
chemicals industry, approximately 20 percent of all employees in
the rubber and plastics processing industry, and 32 percent of all
employees in firms that manufacture metal products, are likewise
Chapter 3