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Additional strengthening of Ulm as a technology location is being
driven with the foundation of the new Helmholtz Institute Ulm for
electrochemical energy storage (HIU) by KIT in cooperation with
the University of Ulm, and thus the systematic establishment of
competence in the sector of electrochemical and battery research
in Baden-Württemberg is being extended. Connected partners are
the DLR as well as the ZSW [BMBF (2011b)].
Moreover, in the area of battery technology, the Fraunhofer Ins-
titute for Chemical Technology (ICT) and the Fraunhofer Institute
for Material Mechanics (IWM) must also be cited as know-how
specialists. As an additional competence network, the Fuel Cell
and Battery Alliance Baden-Württemberg, with approximately
70 members from the science, industry and public administration
sectors, has set the goal of promoting the development and imple-
mentation of products that are ready for the market.
In addition to research organizations, various institutes are also
active in the area of battery technology; a selection of companies
is presented below as an example.
Dürr AG is involved in the development of production facilities for
all aspects of the vehicle battery and battery charging stations.
Dürr AG views cell manufacturing as an additional topic area and
sees synergies in the coating of electrodes [WRS (2011a)].
ads-tec GmbH specializes in automation technology for battery
installation systems, produces its own modular high-performance
energy storage device and offers customer-specific battery de-
signs [WRS (2011a)]. Together with other companies, such as ZF
Friedrichshafen and Continental, ads-tec develops components
and manufacturing processes for lithium-ion batteries and com-
mercial vehicles as part of the „Future goes Electric“ project
(FUEL), funded by the Federal Ministry for Education and Re-
search, [ADS (2011)].
The technology for manufacturing rechargeable batteries and bat-
tery systems is the focus for Leclanché S.A., with the business
unit Leclanché Lithium and its production location in Willstätt. This
is where Leclanché pursues industrial manufacturing of large-
format, high-capacitive lithium-Bi cells (up to 20 Ah), as well as
electrode coating, separator production and quality management
[Leclanché S.A. (2011)]. Another company, Varta Microbattery
GmbH in Ellwangen, is involved with research and development
in the area of lithium batteries. ElringKlinger AG, headquartered
in Dettingen/Erms, is pursuing further development of its com-
petencies in the area of battery technology. System solutions for
manufacturing lithium-ion batteries are offered by Harro Höfliger
Verpackungsmaschinen GmbH.
For development of manufacturing technologies for battery pro-
duction, Manz Automation AG must be cited. As part of the innova-
tion alliance „Production Research for High-Performance Lithium-
Ion Batteries“, Manz Automation AG, together with other partners,
wants to research manufacturing technologies and apply their
research to the requirements of large-scale production [Baden-
Württemberg International (2009)]. The Stuttgart-based plant
engineering firm, M+W Group, has developed a concept for the
planning and construction of lithium-ion battery factories with mo-
dular bundling of the production processes. In 2010, the first order
was placed for the construction of a lithium-ion factory in Finland
[M+W Group (2010)]. For bundling of competencies, various joint
ventures have been formed, such as SB Li Motive, the joint venture
of Robert Bosch GmbH and Samsung SDI, that develops battery
packs and battery systems in Stuttgart [SB LiMotive (2011a)].
Another joint venture, the German ACCUmotive GmbH & Co. KG,
headquartered in Nabern, has been formed between Daimler AG
und Evonik Industries. Its location for the production of lithium-
ion batteries is in Kamenz (Sachsen) in the direct vicinity of Li-Tec
Battery GmbH.
Actual production of the cell, from the module to the system, will
remain the reserve of large enterprises, due to the immense in-
vestment costs and, from the present perspective; this will be in-
creasingly established in other federal states. In the area of pro-
duction equipment, innovation potential is increasingly offered for
small and medium-sized businesses.
In addition to the battery as a central component of electric ve-
hicles, a high level of significance is ascribed to the electric
machine, the power electronics and transmission technology. In
Baden-Württemberg not only the large globally-active companies,
but also many small and medium-sized companies, have become
active in the area of electromobility.
52 Li-Tec Battery GmbH is an additional joint venture of Daimler und Evonik: 50.1 percent of the shares are held by Evonik, 49.9 of the shares are held by Daimler. On the other hand, for
Deutsche Accumotive GmbH, 90 of the shares are held by Daimler and 10 percent of the shares are held by Evonik [Automobil Produktion (2009)].
Chapter 4