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Wirtschaftsförderung Region Stuttgart GmbH coordinates the mo-
del region, Electromobility Stuttgart, as the project management
point. Moreover, it is a project partner in the INTERREG IVC pro-
gram „Producer Services for European Sustainability and Compe-
titiveness“ of the EU. The project addresses the needs of sustai-
nable mobility and thus profits from the experience of the Stuttgart
region in the area of electromobility [WRS (2011b)].
In the „Sustainably Mobile - Region Stuttgart“ project, that came
into being in February 2011 through several federal ministries,
electromobility researched in the model region Stuttgart will be
extended through additional topics, such as protection of the cli-
mate, urban development and intermodality. At the time this study
was produced, the project was still in the phase of content and
organizational alignment [eMobil BW (2011a)].
Since 2009, in particular, in Baden-Württemberg several projects
and initiatives have been funded in the field of electromobility.
Many projects can be attributed to the federal research funding
program for electromobility, within the Economic Stimulus Packa-
ge II. However, the state of Baden-Württemberg also makes sig-
nificant funds available (see chapter 2.5). For example, as part of
the state initiative in the period 2010-2014, approximately 28 million
euros have been provided - to which the founding of e-mobil BW
as a state agency can also be attributed [Leßnerkraus (2010)].
The greatest volume of research funds for electromobility is made
available from the BMBF. Thus, for example, in the „Association
Southwest for Electrochemistry for Electromobility“ alone, the Ba-
den-Württemberg participants were funded with 14 million euros
[Environmental Ministry (2010)]. Numerous research projects fun-
ded by the BMBF, are frequently organized as composite research
in business and science, and lay the foundations for projects that
are closer to application and that are frequently better perceived
in the public eye.
Among these near-application projects, certainly the Model Region
Electromobility Stuttgart must be highlighted. Under the leadership
of Wirtschaftsförderung Region Stuttgart WRS, it has succeeded in
positioning Stuttgart as a model region of the Federal Ministry for
Transport, Construction and Urban Development, BMVBS. In the
Model Region Electromobility Stuttgart, a total of 100 charging sta-
tions will be set up. In addition, in the context of the initiative, more
than 800 vehicles with electric drivetrain are in use in the Stuttgart
region; the majority of these are electric two wheelers [NOW GmbH
(2011)]. Overall, the model region Stuttgart has a funding volume of
16.2 million euros that is distributed over 32 partners. Together with
the funds supplied by the participants themselves, the total sum for
the model region Stuttgart amounts to 33.5 million euros [Region
Stuttgart (2011)]. In this respect, Model Region Stuttgart consists of
several projects that are briefly described below.
• In the IKONE project, under the coordination of Daimler, 50 bat-
tery-powered Mercedes Benz Vito E-Cells are on the road, to
investigate the use of electrically-powered vans in commercial
transport. The project on urban commercial transport addres-
ses an extremely interesting area of implementation for electric
vehicles. Thus the routes that must be traveled can be effec-
tively planned and the positive effects of the local emission-
free propulsion are particularly evident in urban areas.
• In a field test with the largest electric scooter fleet in Germany,
EnBW is demonstrating electromobility in everyday use [EnBW
(2011)]. 500 trialists, referred to as electronauts, have the op-
portunity to ride on electric scooters for a specific time period
over the course of the project. The electric moped, Elmoto, is
used for this project. This was developed by the design office,
ipdd, headquartered in Stuttgart, and is now produced by the
newly founded company, ID-Bike. As of the 2nd of October,
2011, the trialists had traveled 965,760 km. The EnBW has pro-
vided another 100 electric scooters for use in municipal fleets.
• Under the direction of Stuttgarter Straßenbahnen AG, five die-
sel hybrid buses have been placed in service to test further
electrification of public commuter transport. For the buses,
pure electric operation is possible, e.g. when driving out to the
bus stops. The buses are deployed on a topographically de-
manding line (Line 42).
Funding instruments must be designed in such a manner that
the risk from these long-term topics also remains manageable
for medium-sized businesses.
Dr. Werner Tillmetz, Member of the Management Board – Electrochemical
Storage Technologies, Centre for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research
Baden-Württemberg (ZSW)
Chapter 4